How to Prevent Malaria While Travelling
Travelling to countries with high malaria transmission rates can put you at risk of contracting malaria. Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that infects mosquitoes that then spread the infection to humans. Here are some ways on how to prevent malaria during travel.
1. Take antimalarial medication
Antimalarial medication is highly effective and recommended for travellers visiting areas with a high risk of malaria. The most common antimalarial drugs are Malarone, Doxycycline, and Lariam. It is recommended to consult a doctor to get a prescription for the most suitable medication for you based on your medical history and destination.
2. Wear protective clothing
Mosquitoes that cause malaria are most active during the evening and early morning. Wearing long-sleeved shirts, pants, and socks can help prevent mosquito bites and reduce your risk of contracting malaria. You can also treat your clothing with insect repellent or buy pre-treated clothing.
3. Use insect repellent
Insect repellents containing DEET (N,N-diethylmetatoluamide) are effective in preventing mosquito bites. Apply the repellent to all exposed skin and reapply as needed, following the manufacturer’s instructions on the label.
4. Sleep under a mosquito net
Use a mosquito net when sleeping, especially in areas with a high risk of malaria. Ensure the net is free from holes and tucks it into the mattress properly to prevent mosquitoes from entering.
5. Avoid mosquito bites
There are other ways to avoid mosquito bites, such as avoiding outdoor activities during peak mosquito hours and using mosquito coils or sprays to repel mosquitoes. Additionally, staying in air-conditioned or screened rooms can help reduce your chances of being bitten.
Travelling to malaria-endemic areas requires taking precautions to prevent malaria. By practicing the above measures, you can reduce your risk of getting malaria. Always consult your doctor before travelling to these high-risk areas to get essential preventive measures.